Plastic surgery is a medical procedure with the purpose of altering or restoring the form of the body. Though cosmetic or aesthetic surgery is the most well known kind of plastic surgery, plastic surgery itself is not necessarily considered cosmetic; and includes many types surgeries such as reconstructive surgery, craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns.
The use of surgery is usually to restore the form and function of the body; maxillo-facial surgeons, plastic surgeons and otolaryngologists perform surgery to reconstruct the faces after trauma and to reconstruct the head and neck after cancer.Plastic surgeons use the reconstructive ladder to deal with
wounds. This ranges from very simple techniques such as primary closure and dressings to more complex skin grafts, tissue expansion and free flaps.
Development of Plastic surgery services and treatments.
The father of modern plastic surgery is Sir Harold Gillies, a New Zealand otolaryngologist working in London, who developed many of the techniques of modern facial surgery for soldiers suffering from disfigured facial injuries during the First World War. Bio materials are plastic implants used to correct or replace damaged body parts. The process involves scientific and medical research to ensure that the bio materials are bio compatible and that they can assume the mechanical and functioning roles of the components they are replacing. A successful implantation can best be achieved by a team that understands not only the anatomical, physiological, biochemical and pathological aspects of the problem, but also comprehends bio engineering. Cellular and tissue engineering is crucial to know for reconstructive procedures.
Treatments and Services
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons have been working for every specialist who studies plastic surgical techniques or works in conjunction with a plastic surgeon. The innovative techniques for cosmetic and reconstructive procedures (including breast, hand, pediatric, craniofacial, burn, experimental, peripheral nerve) –are used. The cosmetic sector provides expanded coverage on new procedures and techniques
Cosmetic surgery procedures include breast enhancement, reduction and lift, face lift, forehead lift, upper and lower eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty), laser skin resurfacing (laser resurfacing), chemical peel, nose reshaping (rhinoplasty), reconstruction liposuction, nasal reconstruction using the paramedian flap, as well as tummy tuck (abdominoplasty)
Techniques and procedures
In plastic surgery, the transfer of skin tissue (skin grafting) is a very common procedure. Skin grafts can be derived from the recipient or donors:
· Autografts are taken from the recipient. If absent or deficient of natural tissue, alternatives can be cultured sheets of epithelial cells in vitro or synthetic compounds, such as integra, which consists of silicon and bovine tendon collagen with glycosaminoglycans.
Allografts are taken from a donor of the same species.
· Xenografts are taken from a donor of a different species.Usually, good results are expected from plastic surgery if proper care and planning of post surgeries is done.
Reconstructive plastic surgery is done to correct burns; traumatic injuries, such as facial bone fractures and breaks; congenital abnormalities, such as cleft palates or cleft lips; developmental abnormalities; infection and disease; and cancer or tumors. Reconstructive plastic surgery is usually performed to improve function, but it may be done to approximate a normal appearance. The most common reconstructive procedures are tumor removal, laceration repair, scar repair, hand surgery, and breast reduction plasty. Some other common reconstructive surgical procedures include breast reconstruction after a mastectomy for the treatment of cancer, cleft lip and palate surgery, contractual surgery for burn survivors, and creating a new outer ear when one is congenitally absent.
Plastic surgeons use microsurgery to transfer tissue for coverage of a defect when no local tissue is available. Free flaps of skin, muscle, bone, fat, or a combination may be removed from the
body, moved to another site on the body, and reconnected to a blood supply by suturing arteries and veins as small as 1 to 2 millimeters in diameter.
Cosmetic surgery is an optional procedure that is performed on normal parts of the body with the only purpose of improving a person’s appearance and/or removing signs of aging. Nineteen of
the procedures are surgical, such as rhinoplasty or face lift. The removal nonsurgical procedures include Botox and laser.
Kharghar Medicity Hospital is the best multi specialty hospital in Kharghar and is equipped with all the latest technology. It has all the modern amenities and several super specialist surgeons to treat all kinds of ailments.