Cerebrovascular disease refers a group of conditions of brain dysfunction that affect the blood circulation to the brain causing limited or no blood flow to the affected areas of the brain. Hypertension is the most important cause, it damages the blood vessel lining, endothelium and exposing the underlying collagen where platelets aggregate to initiate a repairing process. A fall in blood pressure during sleep can then lead to a marked reduction in blood flow in the narrowed blood vessels causing ischemic stroke in the morning. Cerebrovascular disease can be prevented by quitting smoking, regular physical exercise, controlling blood pressure, taking healthy diet, avoiding anger or chronic stress and lowering blood cholesterol.
There are four common types of cerebrovascular disease:-
Transient ischaemic attack (TIA)
Some of the symptoms of Cerebrovascular disease:-
Loss of gag reflex
Increased blood pressure
Bowel and bladder incontinence
When should you consult a doctor?
Consult a doctor if you have signs of Cerebrovascular Disease. The treatment depends on the individual's characteristics as age, overall health and severity of the health condition.