Gynecologic oncology is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on cancers of the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer. As specialists, they have extensive training in the diagnosis and treatment of these cancers. They are extensively trained in the vital techniques of surgical staging and Cytoreductive surgery (also called "debulking"). These procedures can ultimately be a matter of life and death. Even when other specialists perform surgical staging procedures, they are less likely to do it accurately than a gynecologic oncologist.
Finding the exact stage of the cancer is vital to planning the best treatment. In the case of cytoreductive surgery, gynaec-oncologists simply do a better job of finding and removing tumors that have spread in the pelvic and abdominal areas.
A Gynecologic oncologist can manage all the treatment for a patient, since they are trained both as a surgeon and a specialty oncologist. They can prescribe and oversee all aspects of a woman's treatment, and are the most likely professionals to be well-versed in the latest treatments in the area, including experimental ones.