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Poland is famous for its favorable climatic conditions and ancient cities with a rich history and also developed medical care. Treatment in Poland in recent years has been equal in quality to any European country. Resorts and sanatoriums offer excellent conditions for rest and rehabilitation. Poland ranks 7th in Europe regarding the number of healing water sources. Due to the high healthcare standards, developed infrastructure, and affordable cost of treatment, the number of medical tourists in Poland is steadily growing every year. Citizens and guests of the country can receive qualified healthcare in hospitals and medical centers equipped with the latest technology. As a result, the life expectancy of Poles increases every year.
The healthcare system in Poland in the form in which it exists today has been developing over the past decades. The country ranks 50th in the ranking of the World Health Organization.
6.6% of Poland's GDP (gross domestic product) is spent on healthcare. Since 2003, compulsory health insurance has been in effect in the country. Medical insurance contributions (9% of personal income) are deducted from the salary of each Pole.
In addition to medical insurance, the sources of financing for healthcare in Poland are:
The most vulnerable social strata have access to free medical services paid for by the State treasury. More affluent citizens are owners of additional healthcare insurance. There is a common situation in which the employer pays health insurance costs. State insurance provides for payment for the services of general practitioners, the cost of medicines, staying in hospitals, nursing care, and sanitary transport.
The Ministry of Health is responsible for healthcare in Poland at the State level. The country has a single national health insurance fund – the Narodowego Funduszu Zdrowia, with 16 regional branches. This fund is a monopolist in the healthcare system. Its functions include:
Private entrepreneurs and citizens who employers do not insure can purchase a voluntary health insurance policy. Poles can also get additional health insurance by signing contracts with a private insurance company. They often resort to supplemental health insurance to avoid queues in hospitals.
Along with public hospitals and polyclinics, there is an extensive network of private medical institutions in the country, representing private consulting medical offices and clinics that conduct paid operations and other specialized procedures.
There are more than 10 thousand dental offices, about 500 diagnostic centers, and about 1.8 thousand hospitals and polyclinics in the country. Every clinic in Poland is equipped with modern equipment and meets international standards.
Among the best hospitals in Poland and the most trusted are:
Some of them, such as the Damian Medical Center, located in the capital, has gained worldwide fame due to their success in plastic surgery. This institution is accredited by the Center for Monitoring the Quality of Medical Services (Center for Monitoring Healthcare Quality).
To receive healthcare in Poland, you can contact:
The healthcare system in Poland as a whole is quite effective. However, despite the many advantages, there are also some disadvantages. After the reforms carried out in the country, according to many citizens, healthcare in Poland has become more bureaucratic. The primary discontent of residents is:
In conclusion, today, the main strategic directions are protecting the health of an aging population, the dynamic development of healthcare in Poland, and considering new technologies, which will require a lot of tangible and intangible resources.