Piles - Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Piles - Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Piles refer to a physiological condition whereby there is an inflammation of the vascular structures guarding the anal canal. Owing to the inflammation of the hemorrhoids or blood vessels guarding the anal passage; the pathogenic condition of piles develops. The number of people suffering from piles is huge. The changing life style has infused so many diseases in our bodies. The dietary habits, the processed foods and unhealthy living styles are the main cause of piles.

 

Types of Piles

  • Piles are classified into two broad kinds.
  • Some are present internally.
  • Some are present externally.

What Are The Causes of Piles?

  • A number of factors are responsible for the development of piles.
  • Abnormality in bowel movement with susceptibility towards constipation and diarrhea is one of the causes.
  • Constipation aids the condition of piles by giving way to protracted straining.
  • Lack of fiber, imbalanced diet with insistence on junk food contributes towards piles.
  • Hereditary factors can also be responsible for the pathogenic condition of piles.
  • Pregnancy may as well give rise to the condition of piles with the developing fetus exerting pressure on the vascular structures.
  • People who are overweight and those prone to long hours of sitting are also most likely to develop piles.
  • An obstruction or abnormal growth on the way to the anal canal may also lead to piles.

How to Diagnose Piles?

  • The piles which exist in prolapsed form can be usually diagnosed by means of an external examination of areas surrounding the anal cavity.
  • With the help of Proctoscopy any presence of tumors or polyps and that of an inflamed prostate are also detected as the detection is valuable in determining the line of treatment.
  • Proctoscopy usually serves to bring to light the presence of internal piles.
  • Proctoscopy or Anoscopy is usually performed with patients being subject to sedation.

Treatment For Piles

Piles disease is neither a disease nor an infection. Therefore, it is not curable by any of the conventional methods. Though the conventional medicines/surgeries can relieve the patient of some of the piles symptoms it will not be cured if one does not change their lifestyle and habits. Fiber rich diet, ample consumption of water, fresh fruits and vegetables and a suitable food will prevent piles disease. A reoccurrence of piles is possible and to avoid that a healthy life style must be adapted to rid yourself of the discomfort caused by piles disease.

  • Traditional line of treatment is geared to the increased consumption of dietary fibers.
  • Certain topical formula and suppositories are also available as treatment options; but long drawn usage of the same should be discouraged on account of their tendency to cause localized irritations.
  • Resectioning of the inflamed tissue which involves partial surgical interference is also made use of so that one can avoid the intensely painstaking procedure of total removal.
  • Means based on cauterization and cryosurgery has also been found to be quite effective.
  • Certain topical formula and suppositories are also available as treatment options; but long drawn usage of the same should be discouraged on account of their tendency to cause localized irritations.