What is Blood Cancer?

What is Blood Cancer?

blood cancer

Blood cancer is caused due to many malignancies that attack the lymphatic system, blood or bone marrow. There is a major increase in the remission and survival rates in people with blood cancer as the treatment of blood cancers has evolved largely. In the United States there are at least 1 million people who are alive with high remission rates. With the expansion of technology there is a treatment available for every illness.

Types of blood cancer:

  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Multiple myeloma

Leukemia: Leukemia or leukaemia is a cancer that attacks the blood and bone marrow. People with leukemia have too many white blood cells. Leukemia is considered to be dangerous as it might lead to death if it is not treated. There are many drugs available for treating leukemia.

The treatments for Leukemia involve:

  • Chemotherapy program
  • Radiation therapies
  • Bone marrow transplants

Lymphoma:Lymphoma is a cancer affecting the lymphatic system (a system interconnected with vessels and spaces between the body tissues and the other organs through which the lymph is circulated to the heart and the rest of the body parts)

The symptoms may include:

  • Enlarged liver
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Fatigue
  • Night sweats
  • Weight loss
  • Persistent fevers
  • Enlarged spleen

The treatments for Lymphoma involve:

  • Chemotherapy program
  • Radiation therapies

Multiple myeloma:Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that involves the plasma cells.

The symptoms of the multiple myeloma are:

  • Bone pain
  • Renal failure
  • Recurring infections
  • Anemia

The treatments for Multiple myeloma involve:

  • Chemotherapy program
  • Blood cancer treatment

The objective of the treatment, of blood cancer, is to treat the cancer from the core and to bring about complete remission of the sickness

Other symptoms of blood cancer include:

Blood cancer is very unpredictable and the symptoms are sometimes too many and sometimes there are no symptoms at all.

  • Abdominal pain, especially in the upper abdomen
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Enlarged liver and glands, such as the spleen and lymph nodes
  • Fever and chills
  • Bone or joint pain
  • Fatigue
  • Easy bleeding or bruising
  • Nausea, which may be described as feelings of wooziness, queasiness, retching, sea-sickness, car-sickness or upset stomach
  • Frequent infections
  • Night sweats

The symptoms that may be indicating a life-threatening condition are:

If cancer is not taken care of and if there is too much of bleeding blood cancer can be life threatening, especially if severe infections occur. The symptoms include:

  • Uncontrolled or heavy bleeding
  • Respiratory or breathing problems, such as shortness of breath, labored breathing, wheezing, difficulty breathing
  • Change in mental status or sudden behavior change, such as confusion, delirium, lethargy, delusions and hallucinations
  • High fever
  • Seizure
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Bluish coloration of the lips or fingernails
  • Change in level of consciousness or alertness, such as passing out or unresponsiveness
  • Chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure, palpitations

Reviewed By:

Dr. Kaushal M. Bhavsar (MBBS, MD)

Assistant Professor in Pulmonary Medicine, GMERS Medical College, Ahmedabad