Wisdom Teeth Removal Complications

Wisdom Teeth Removal Complications

Wisdom Teeth

People need to visit dentists for a myriad of oral and dental issues, but removing wisdom teeth are a very commonplace reason for doing so. In clinical terminology, wisdom teeth are basically the most posterior teeth existing in the dental arch in the mouth. Like many other people, you may have it naturally. However, the teeth may not develop properly at times or get deformed owing to certain reasons. In some cases, it may even cause damage to surrounding teeth and increase infection risk. As it is, wisdom teeth removal has become a straightforward and commonplace dental surgery nowadays. However, you may still suffer from minor or serious complications post the surgery.

Nuances of Wisdom Teeth Surgery

Owing to advancements in medical science wisdom teeth removal cost has come down considerably and it will not make a hole in your pocket. The recovery takes 2 to 3 days in most instances. You may have to cope with slight bleeding and wisdom teeth removal pain after the surgery. It is likely that the dentist will offer you medication to deal with the post surgery complications and pain. To avoid complications, you need to be careful about abiding by guidelines offered by the dentist.

While the dentist is likely to take every precaution to ensure wisdom teeth removal is done in the best possible way, you need to learn about possible side effects. This will help you to practice the cautions after the surgery and evade mistakes that can lead to any complications.

Minor Complications

After the impacted wisdom teeth are removed through surgical procedure, few minor complications can follow suit. You may find it slightly painful each time when you open the jaw. This is quite normal after undergoing any dental surgery. It is also common to suffer from wisdom teeth swelling in this recovery period. These complications may trouble you after the surgery, but the good thing is that they are not severe and last for a few days or so. The medications given by the dentist should be enough to help you cope with these issues, in general.

Serious Complications

While majority of people recover from impacted wisdom teeth post surgery without facing serious issues, in some cases it may not be that simple. There are some serious complications associated with wisdom tooth extraction that you need to be aware about.

  • Dry Socket is a serious complication that can happen after removal of wisdom teeth in some patients. The percentage is minuscule and you can avoid its formation by abiding by post surgery care instructions given by the dentist. It happens when pain receptors and jaw bone remain exposed at the site of extraction. You will feel a throbbing pain when it happens. Ensure that food residue does not get trapped in the region post surgery and avoid activities that cause pressure in your mouth. To avoid dry socket formation, you should not drink carbonated beverages during the recovery phase and refrain from working out too.

  • It is natural that the dentist will prescribe pain medications to help you cope with swelling and wisdom tooth removal pain. However, you might turn out to be allergic to such medications. Symptoms of reactions to medications include a feeling of drowsiness or nausea. If you face such side effects after taking medications or develop allergies, revert to the dentist for alternate medications.

  • While dentists adhere to safety measures and tooth extraction is done using highly precise and computer monitored devices, mistakes still occur. While performing the surgery, nerves in the gum and mouth may receive damages. If that happens to you, prolonged numbness and tingling in areas like gums, cheeks and chin can be felt. If nerves in the tongue get affected, you may fail to perceive the taste of individual foods temporarily.

It has often been observed that majority of serious wisdom teeth extraction problems occur in people aged over 25 years. However, with care and precaution, you will be able to avoid such complications.

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Reviewed By:

Dr. Kaushal M. Bhavsar (MBBS, MD)

Assistant Professor in Pulmonary Medicine, GMERS Medical College, Ahmedabad