Diets That Cause Kidney Stones

Diets That Cause Kidney Stones

Diets that cause kidney stones

In case you have ever experienced a kidney stone condition, you surely would remember it. The pain is usually unbearable and is sure all of us hope to get rid of it as soon as possible. One shocking factor about kidney stones is that if you have ever experienced it, then its likely to re-appear within the next 7 years - it's not a one-time experience. According to research, about 12% of Americans are affected by kidney stones. Kidney stones form due to several factors. For instance, there are some diets that cause kidney stones. But, the most important factor is to remember that kidney stones are not complicated and can be prevented, however, it takes determination.

Generally, kidney stones occur when certain chemicals form in excess in the urine and collect to form crystals. When many crystals form, they grow larger resulting in masses or stones. The kidney stones can make their way into the urinary tract and if they get stuck in the tract, they block the flow of urine causing pain. In most cases, kidneys stones form when calcium combines with another component (oxalate or phosphorus).

There is no sure way on how you can prevent kidney stones, especially if it's a family condition. However, a combination of certain diets can help reduce the risk of experiencing these condition. In this article, we will only discuss about diets that can cause kidney stones.

Diets that Cause Kidney Stones

Here is a list of foods you should avoid minimizing the likelihood of having kidney stones

Diets Rich in Vitamin C Supplements

Usually, ascorbic acid - vitamin C, supplements can result in kidney stones, especially in men. A research conducted in 2013 suggested that men who take high doses of these supplements increase the risk of having kidney stones. However, researchers claim that foods that contain vitamin C don't carry the same risk.

Diets Rich in Animal Proteins

Many sources of animal proteins such as pork, red meat, chicken, fish, poultry, and eggs tend to increase the amount of uric acid that your body produces. Taking large quantities of these proteins can as well reduce a certain chemical found in the urine called Citrate. Citrate is responsible for preventing the formation of kidney stones.

Its recommended that you avoid or reduce the intake of these foods. Additionally, you can take its alternative including quinoa, hummus, chia seeds, tofu, and greek yogurt. It's also important to keep in mind that protein is vital for overall body health. Therefore, discuss with your doctor on how much you should have on a daily basis.

Diets Rich in Oxalate Components

Remember that most kidney stones form when a component known as oxalate combines with calcium. Oxalate is a natural component found in some type of foods. Limiting all foods rich in oxalate can help avoid or prevent kidney stones from forming. Foods rich in oxalate include;

These are some foods that cause calcium oxalate kidney stones. Usually, its highly unlikely for kidney stones to form if you avoid high-oxalate foods.

Diets Rich in Sodas/ Colas

Colas are usually high in phosphates which is another chemical that can encourage the formation of kidney stones. Added sugars and syrups in sodas can raise the levels of sucrose and fructose in the body which can encourage the formation of kidney stones. Therefore, it's advisable that you keep in check the amount processed sugars you take.

Diets Rich in Sodium

High intake of sodium can promote calcium build-up in the urine. According to the Urology Care Foundation, high salt content in the urine prevents calcium from being re-absorbed from the urine to the blood. This results in high calcium urine which can encourage kidney stones.

Its, therefore, recommended that you avoid adding salt to your food, and always check the labels on processed foods and drinks to find out how much sodium they contain. Also, remember that fast foods are usually high in sodium. Eating less salt can help reduce the calcium levels in the urine low thereby reducing the risk of suffering from kidney stones. Here are some foods that are known to have a high sodium content

  • Canned soap
  • Chips and crackers
  • Condiments
  • Canned vegetables
  • Foods rich in monosodium glutamate

You can consider using fresh herbs or a salt-free seasoning blend to flavor foods instead of using salt.

Diet Tips to Avoid Kidney Stones

The most important factor is to watch what you eat or drink. Additionally, consider doing the following 

Generally, kidneys stones can be typically a painful experience. Fortunately, diet can help manage and prevent kidney stones. All you have to do is look out for diets that cause kidney stones and consider coming up with the respective kidney stone diet restrictions.

Reviewed By:

Dr. Kaushal M. Bhavsar (MBBS, MD)

Assistant Professor in Pulmonary Medicine, GMERS Medical College, Ahmedabad