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An unprompted abortion or miscarriage in early pregnancy is an occurrence that leads to fetus loss before 2 weeks of pregnancy. Typically it occurs during the 1st 3 months or 1st trimester. There could be many reasons and miscarriage doesnâ€™t mean thereâ€™s a fertility issue. About 80% of women who had a miscarriage will have normal deliveries in the subsequent stages. One should worry only if it is recurrent miscarriage early pregnancy
What Is Miscarriage In Early Pregnancy?
Spontaneous abortion or miscarriage is an abrupt ending of a pregnancy. Nearly Â½ to 1/3rd women go through this unwanted situation. If a miscarriage occurs within 20 weeks or 1st 3 months it is called miscarriage in early pregnancy and if it happens after 20 weeks it is called a late miscarriage. In most cases, miscarriages are early and are due to varied reasons.
In women aged the 20s, the percentage is 12 to 15 while in the 40s it is nearly 25%.
Types Of Miscarriage In Early Pregnancy
There are lot many miscarriage types and based on the stage of pregnancy and symptoms a doctor will diagnose the condition and determine as one amongst the following;
1. Complete Miscarriage
Every pregnancy tissue has been disposed of from the body.
2. Incomplete Miscarriage
If few placental materials have been expelled and still few remain in the body it is this condition.
3. Missed Miscarriage
The embryo is dead without our knowledge and it isnâ€™t delivered.
4. Threatened Miscarriage
Cramps and bleeding signal a supposed future miscarriage.
5. Septic Miscarriage
The uterus is affected by an infection.
6. Inevitable Miscarriage
The existence of cervical dilation, cramps, and bleed says that thereâ€™s an inevitable miscarriage.
7. Recurrent Miscarriage
It is termed as 3 or more miscarriages in the 1st 3 months.
8. Miscarriage Early Pregnancy 4 Weeks
This is termed as a chemical pregnancy and signs of miscarriage consist of cramps, heavy bleeding, and spotting. Although one may experience these symptoms it doesnâ€™t mean it is always the worst.
Signs Of Miscarriage In Early Pregnancy
The major miscarriage sign is bleeding or vaginal spotting which can be either slight brown discharge to heavier bleeding.
Other signs include;
- Pain and cramps in the abdomen
- Severe to mild back pain
- Loss of weight
- Discharge of fluid from the vagina
- Clotted or tissue discharge from the vagina
- Light headed or faint feeling
If you experience the above mentioned then immediately contact an experienced gynecologist.
What Causes Of Miscarriage In Early Pregnancy?
Nearly half miscarriages that happen in the 1st 3 months are due to chromosomal abnormalities which may be spontaneous or hereditary.
Other causes include;
- Placental problems
- Chromosome problems
- Womb structure abnormalities
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Weakened cervix
- Lifestyle factors
- Underlying health conditions like diabetes, kidney problems and so on
- Advanced marriage age
- Food poisoning
- Maternal trauma
Can Antibiotics Cause Miscarriage Early Pregnancy?
According to a recent Canadian study, few commonly prescribed antibiotic classes may increase the miscarriage risk twofold in the first trimester. These antibiotic classes include macrolides, quinolones, tetracyclines, and sulfonamides. In the same way, azithromycin was also noticed with as high as 65% in increasing the miscarriage chances.
How Does Miscarriage Happen In Early Pregnancy?
Most of the women come to know about a miscarriage during regular prenatal visits even before experiencing any physical signs. The primary symptoms of miscarriage one should keep an eye are bleeding or spotting followed by cramping in the abdomen or lower back and other symptoms include the tissue or fluid passing from the vagina.
Nearly 1 in 4 women go through some vaginal spotting or bleeding during the first trimester. If bleeding isnâ€™t heavy and goes off after 2 days it isnâ€™t a serious sign.
Few women allow the miscarriage to happen naturally while few opt for medical procedures.
How To Identify Miscarriage In Early Pregnancy
There are many diagnoses to identify miscarriage which include ultrasound scans such as transvaginal ultrasounds, pelvic exams, and blood tests.
How To Prevent Miscarriage In Early Pregnancy?
Little lifestyle changes can make a large difference to your chances of going through miscarriage;
- Stop smoking & drinking alcohol and making use of illicit drugs in the pregnancy period.
- Eat healthily.
- Be in proper weight.
- Be cleanly to stop infections
- Go for regular checkups
- Take prenatal supplements based on doctor suggestion
Miscarriage in early pregnancy is very common and there is nothing to worry about this in the majority of the cases. The next time you are pregnant ensure to take proper care to avoid this condition.